What is inference?
The act of reasoning from factual knowledge or evidence.
For example, a student's clothes were wet when he came to Daniel Hall this morning.
What can we infer from this example?
A- This student took a swim in the pond in front on the library.
B- This student took a shower with his clothes on.
C- This student took the bus to school and was splashed with a water puddle as a passing truck drove by his bus stop.
By using reasoning and since we know that this student takes the bus to school, we can infer that "C" is the correct answer. Furthermore, choices "A" and "B" are very strange.
Previewing and Making Predictions
What is previewing?
Looking for information before your read. This can be the title, subtitle, pictures or other bits of information.
What is making predictions?
Making guesses about a reading. We do this to keep engaged in the reading.